Back-end Developer Job Description Guide 2022

Back-end developer job description

A back-end developer is responsible for the server-side of web applications. They are tasked with ensuring that the data and applications on the server are running smoothly and securely.

Who is a back-end developer?

To put it simply, a back-end developer, or back-end engineer, is the person who creates the functionality and structure of a website or web application. 

For example, when entering your information into a form on a web page and hitting the submit button, you expect what you did to save. When it does save, that’s thanks to the work of a back-end developer. Back-end developers work with front-end developers to ensure that their code integrates with front-end code for fully functional websites/web applications.

Back-end development is responsible for server-side web application logic and integration with third-party services via web services and integration with database systems. It involves developing server-side logic and incorporating it with front-end technologies so that websites can have dynamic content – this includes things like processing payment transactions or displaying personalized content to users based on specific criteria (like their location).

Roles and Responsibilities:

As a Back-end Developer, you will be part of the team that designs, creates, and maintains the back-end of web and mobile applications. You will be responsible for building scalable and high-performance solutions using the latest technology. You will also develop and enhance existing tools, systems, and processes to ensure the best possible user experience. 

Back-end developers work on the back-end of a website, application, or software. They are responsible for covering the data side of things. They create databases, write code that connects the database to the front end, and ensure all browsers can access it. Back-end developers also create APIs (application programming interfaces) that link different websites and applications.

You will:

  • Design, build and maintain software applications using Java / Kotlin or C# programming languages
  • Implement security measures to protect databases from attacks (SQL Injection)
  • Attend meetings with clients and provide feedback on their requirements
  • Suggest improvements to existing products based on user feedback
  • Designing and developing back-end systems
  • Ensuring back-end systems are secure and reliable
  • Optimizing back-end systems for performance
  • Managing and deploying back-end systems
  • Troubleshooting back-end issues
  • Collaborating with front-end developers and other team members to ensure a seamless user experience

Key skills required to become a Back-end developer

The junior back-end developer job descriptions list includes strong analytical and problem-solving abilities and experience in server-side programming languages and databases. 

Additionally, back-end developers should understand front-end technologies (such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript) and work closely with front-end developers to ensure that the application meets all requirements. Finally, back-end developers must be able to deploy and manage applications on various servers and platforms.

Some of the specific skills that back-end developers need to possess include:

  • Strong analytical and problem-solving abilities: Back-end developers need to understand complex problems and develop practical solutions quickly.
  • Experience in server-side programming languages: back-end developers must be proficient in one or more server-side programming languages, such as PHP, Java, Python, and Ruby.
  • Experience in databases: back-end developers must have experience working with various databases, such as MySQL, MongoDB, and Cassandra.
  • Good understanding of front-end technologies: back-end developers should have a good understanding of front-end technologies, such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. This knowledge is necessary to ensure that the application meets all requirements.
  • Work closely with front-end developers: back-end developers need to work closely with front-end developers to ensure the application meets all requirements.
  • Deploy and manage applications on various servers and platforms: back-end developers must be able to deploy and manage applications on multiple servers and platforms.

What is the difference between a Back-end developer and a Front-end developer?

As a back-end developer, you are responsible for the server-side of web applications. This means that you focus on how the site works and how it interacts with the databases. A back-end engineer job description is usually more concerned with functionality than design.

Conversely, a front-end developer is responsible for the client-side of web applications. This means that you focus on how the site looks and feels. A front-end developer is usually more concerned with design than functionality.

What qualifications do you need to become a Back-end developer?

Back-end developers come from various backgrounds. Some have completed formal education programmes in computer science, while others may have learned through self-study or on-the-job training.

That said, there are specific skills and knowledge that all back-end developers should have. If you’re interested in becoming a back-end developer, here are some qualifications to keep in mind:

Strong programming skills

As a back-end developer, you’ll be responsible for writing and maintaining the code that powers a website or application. You should be an expert in at least one programming language (such as PHP, Ruby on Rails, Java, or Python) and have a strong understanding of software development principles.

Database knowledge

Back-end developers often work with databases, so it’s essential to understand how they work. You should know many concepts, such as SQL queries, data modeling, and schema design.

Web development experience

Since back-end developers typically work hand-in-hand with front-end developers, it’s helpful to have some experience with web development technologies, including HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. This might help give you a clear understanding of how the various pieces of a web application fit together.

Strong problem-solving skills

As a back-end developer, you’ll encounter all sorts of challenges. From fixing bugs to optimizing code for performance, you’ll have to think on your feet and develop creative solutions.

Attention to detail

Back-end development can be complex, so it’s essential to be able to pay close attention to detail. This includes spotting errors in code, following instructions carefully, and keeping track of various pieces of information.

While you don’t require a college degree to become a back-end developer, pursuing a degree or certification can give you the skills and knowledge you need to succeed in this field. If you’re interested in learning more about back-end development, consider taking some courses or attending a coding Bootcamp. You can achieve your goals and become a back-end developer with hard work and dedication.

Salary of a Back-end developer

Back-end developer salaries will vary depending on experience, location, and employer. In the United States, back-end developers can earn an average salary of $85,000 per year. Entry-level back-end developers may start out earning closer to $50,000 per year, while experienced back-end developers can earn salaries upwards of $140,000 per year.

Back-end developer salaries in other countries will vary depending on the local economy. For example, back-end developers in the United Kingdom can expect to earn an average wage of £40,000 per year. This is significantly lower than the average back-end developer salary in the United States. 

However, the cost of living is also much lower in the UK than in the US. Back-end developer salaries in Canada are similar to those in the United States, with an average salary of CAD$85,000 per year.

Further, Back-end developers with experience in specific programming languages may be able to command higher salaries. For example, back-end developers skilled in Java may earn salaries upwards of $100,000 per year. Back-end developers experienced in Python may also be able to earn higher wages. Back-end developers skilled in both Java and Python may be able to command the highest salaries of all.

The job outlook for a Back-end developer 

Back-end developer jobs are in high demand due to the ever-growing need for online content and applications. As a back-end developer, you would develop and maintain the server-side of web applications. This can include anything from ensuring the smooth operation of databases to creating APIs that allows front-end developers to access back-end functionality.

  • Junior back-end developer
  • Senior back-end developer
  • Lead back-end developer
  • Chief back-end developer
  • Backend web developer
  • Back-end software engineer
  • Back-end development manager
  • Back-end development director
  • Back-end development team lead
  • Back-end development architect

Start your journey today

If you want to become a back-end developer, you must understand the roles and responsibilities of this position. You should know the critical skills required for this job and the difference between a back-end developer job description and a front-end developer. It is also necessary to have qualifications such as a bachelor’s degree or certification to be hired for this role. Finally, it is essential to know the salary range for back-end developers to better plan your career.


Manno Notermans

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